Fossilised remains of a turtle carapace i.e. turtle shell; collected from the Eocene Bembridge Marls in Gurnard, Isle of Wight. A turtles carapace or shell is made up of various different sized and shaped plates which all join together to form the overall shell. Modified scutes (thick bony scales) were used to armor the ancestors of turtles, these evolved to become a thick bony armor which also contained all of the vital organs i.e. the shell which we see on modern turtles. This carapace fragment measures 6 cm in length and is supplied in a small plastic bag with an information label.