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Cannel coal by it’s physical morphology and low mineral content is considered to be coal but by its texture & organic matter content it is considered to be oil shale. Although historically the term cannel coal has been used interchangeably.
Cannel coal is brown to black oil shale. It is derived from resins, spores, waxes, and cutinaceous and corky materials of terrestrial vascular plants. Cannel coal was accumulated in ponds and shallow lakes in peat-forming swamps and bogs of the Carboniferous age under oxygen-deficient conditions. Cannel coal typically contains much less fixed carbon than bituminous coal. This example was obtained from the Alexander open cast pit in Wigan, Lancashire. Specimens are supplied in labelled card trays.